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In June, the Southern Nevada Health District announced Clark County was experiencing an outbreak of hepatitis A cases.

Since November 2018, the Health District has reported 83 outbreak-associated cases of hepatitis A. In the past few years total cases reported have been significantly lower: 39 cases reported in 2018; 13 cases in 2017; and six reported cases in 2016. People who are at increased risk for infection include people who use drugs and those experiencing homelessness. Of the reported cases, more than 92 percent were people who used drugs (injection or non-injection), and more than 80 percent were among people experiencing homelessness. Weekly hepatitis A outbreak updates will be available on the Health District website at www.SNHD.info/hep-a-control.

Other risk factors for infection of hepatitis A include:

Men who have sex with men.
People with chronic liver disease.
People who have an occupational risk for infection.
People traveling to or working in countries where hepatitis A is common.
People with direct contact with people who have hepatitis A.
People with clotting-factor disorders.
People who are currently or were recently incarcerated.
Hepatitis A is commonly spread from person-to-person through the fecal-oral route. Symptoms include jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes), fever, fatigue, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, dark urine, and light-colored stools.

Hepatitis A vaccination is the best prevention against the virus. Since the outbreak announcement, the Health District has administered 995 hepatitis A vaccinations to adults ages 18 and older. A total of 1,785 hepatitis A vaccinations have been administered to adults by all providers in Clark County.

Practicing good hygiene can also help prevent the transmission of hepatitis A. Wash hands thoroughly after using the bathroom, changing diapers, and before preparing or eating food.